Bio-carbon is a mixture of pure carbon and the in-organics from the raw material. Bio-carbon can be used as is as peak fuel for biomass boilers, as soil amendment, as an adsorption material, as metallurgic carbon or be post-processed to activated carbon, graphite and graphene.
Soil amendment is, apart from being the only efficient and ready to use carbon sink, a simple way to increase water retention in sandy soils, to increase fertility in most soils, to act as heavy metal sorbent in soil and many other benefits.
Activated carbon is basically bio-carbon with enhanced surface area achieved through post-processing. Activated carbon has a range of commercial applications such as water treatment, gas cleaning, pharmaceutical and many others. Activated carbon can be post-processed to magnetic carbon to target specific contaminants.
Metallurgic carbon or graphite made by bio-carbon can really make a difference. Using fossil coal in steel and aluminium production is by far, together with cement production, the single biggest contributor to GHG’s apart from energy production and way bigger then all cars, trucks and airplanes combined.